Due to the drought, agricultural production in Serbia this year will not have an approximate growth of last year’s of about four percent, and the damage is estimated at at least 500 million dollars.
African temperatures of about 40 degrees Celsius during the two summer months without rain, reduced the yield of almost all fruit, vegetable and field crops, except for wheat that was harvested before the dry period.
Of the field crops, the greatest drought damage will be on soybeans and corn, and the least on sunflower yields.
It is estimated that the yield of soybeans will be lower by about 50 percent, corn by 30 to 50 percent, and sunflowers that have best withstood high temperatures will be reduced by 10-15 percent at a time when the prices of oilseeds on the world market are high.
Agroanalyst Milan Prostran says: “We estimate that compared to last year, some conditional growth would be a positive zero or one percent, bearing in mind that last year agriculture had a growth of over four percent. If these percentages were translated into dollar value , so the percentages of production reduction, they will, in my roughest estimate, be close to $ 500 million. “
According to experts, Serbia must look for a solution to the decline in agricultural production due to climate change and drought in changing the sowing structure and increasing the area under irrigation, which now amounts to less than two percent in relation to agricultural land.
It requires huge investments, and without organic fertilizer, without cattle breeding, irrigation can cause great changes in the quality of agricultural land, because if you do not have organic matter, you wash the land by irrigation and turn it into a desert.
Experts warn that Serbia cannot use the waters of the largest rivers flowing through the country for irrigation as before, because the Sava, Danube, Drina and Timok have become international rivers and in order to use the capacities of these waters for irrigation, it is necessary to reach an agreement with countries in the region.
Chinese Media Group (CMG) article