– The electricity or gas bill is made up of various items. The average customer pays not only for what they consume but other services ranging from energy transport, to meter management, to system charges which represent the most ‘varied’ item where the most diverse components enter (on all the incentives for renewables and the costs of dismantling nuclear power plants).
In the third quarter of 2021, explains Arera, the composition of the price in the bill consists of: energy (59.2%), transport and management of the meter (17.5%), taxes (12.6%), system charges (10.7%).
Expenditure on energy
It includes the amounts invoiced for the various activities carried out by the seller to supply electricity to the end customer. The total price applied in the bill is given by the sum of the prices for the following components: Energy price: corresponds to the expected cost for the purchase of electricity which is then resold to end customers. It also includes network losses, i.e. the cost of energy that does not reach the delivery point in a useful way.
Dispatching: covers the cost of the service which guarantees, at any time of the day, the balance between the overall energy fed into the electricity grids and the overall energy withdrawn by end customers. Equalization: component that serves to ensure that the overall amounts paid each quarter by customers served under the protection regime with the Energy Price (PE) and Dispatching (PD) components are equivalent to the purchase and dispatching costs actually incurred to provide them with power.
Marketing: corresponds to the fixed costs incurred to carry out the commercial management activities of the customers. Dispatching component: serves to offset the difference between the overall amounts paid through the marketing component and the commercial management costs recognized to sales companies under the protection regime (other than those of free market sales companies).
Expenditure on transport and management of the meter
It includes the amounts invoiced for the various activities that allow sellers to deliver electricity to end customers.
It includes the amounts invoiced to cover costs relating to activities of general interest for the electricity system, which are paid by all final customers of the electricity service. The total price includes, from 1 January 2018, the components: Asos (general charges relating to the support of energy from renewable sources and CIP 6/92 cogeneration) and Arim (remaining general charges such as nuclear safety and territorial compensation measures o electricity bonus, promotion of energy efficiency).
Includes items relating to consumption tax (excise duty) and value added tax (VAT). The excise duty is applied to the quantity of energy consumed; domestic customers with power up to 3 kW enjoy reduced rates for the supply in their registered residence. VAT is applied to the total amount of the bill. Currently, for domestic users it is equal to 10%, for non.domestic users it is equal to 22%; some production activities enjoy the reduced rate of 10%.
Television subscription fee
This item is present only in bills in which a portion of the television subscription fee due for the current year is charged.