In the last decade, Serbia has significantly regulated the issue of pesticide use in agriculture, mostly adjusted the regulations to European ones, but the problem of unscrupulous application of chemical preparations is still unresolved, Agrosmart and Vojvodina Research and Analytical Center (VOICE) write in a joint text today.
The interlocutors of Agrosmart and VOICE agree that the problem of using plant protection products does not lie in a poorly designed law or poor quality work of the inspection for checking pesticides, but in the irresponsible and dangerous behavior of individuals.
Dragica Brkić, a full professor at the Department of Pesticides at the Faculty of Agriculture at the University of Belgrade, says that there are no safe chemicals – only safe ways to use them, and problems arise due to negligent use.
As she said, this happens when manufacturers do not follow the instructions for use, when they use larger quantities than recommended, when they treat more times during the season than prescribed or when they do not respect the withdrawal period (the time required to pass since the last application pesticides until harvest).
“Problems also occur when the remaining quantities after application spill into ponds, canals, streams, rivers and other bodies of water, wash equipment or throw packaging into water. Most pesticides are very toxic to aquatic organisms and these organisms are particularly endangered due to negligence. application of pesticides “, said Dragica Brkić.
The Ministry of Agriculture says that for many priority and hazardous substances in surface waters, pollution is small or non.existent, and that “due to agricultural activities, only current loads of pesticides and herbicides are present.”
The situation from 2015, when there was a mass death of bees in Vojvodina, shows that the use of pesticides in an inadequate way has a negative impact on the animal world, especially on bees. Then, due to the wrong application of pesticides in the sunflower fields near Zrenjanin and Kikinda, almost 3,000 beehives were destroyed, and the damage was estimated at more than half a million euros.
The executive director of the SECPA (Serbian Crop Protection Association), Katarina Krinulovic, which deals with plant protection, says that the procedures and conditions for the registration of plant protection products are such that concerns regarding their use in agricultural production should be minimized.
“A possible negative impact is possible if these means are used inadequately, for example if they are used in an overdose, at inappropriate times and with faulty application devices, and if the recommended protection measures are not followed,” she said.