Producers of fattening pigs in Serbia estimate that the possibilities for exporting pork to Europe are almost non.existent because, due to the surplus of that meat, the prices on the European market are lower than on the domestic market.
They cite the example that pigs were imported from Denmark to Serbia these days at a “trivial” price of 180 dinars per kilogram, which lowers the price of domestic pigs by 230 dinars.
“Large farms and slaughterhouses have imported about 20,000 piglets these days because Denmark and other European countries offer them at 180 dinars per kilogram and bring them to the ‘threshold’, so domestic producers will have no one to sell theirs for 230 dinars, as the price has been in recent times. a month or two, and they will have to demolish it and sell them, even though that ‘import’ creates a loss for them, “Bora Šuljmanac, a producer of fattening pigs from Laćark near Sremska Mitrovica, told Beta.
The Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management of Serbia, Branislav Nedimović, said a few days ago that another control of the external audit of the European Directorate for Food Safety in February 2022 remains due to vaccination against swine fever, and after that, if the control results are good, is approved and issued a license for the export of pork from Serbia to EU countries.
Šuljmanac said that slaughterhouses import frozen, cheap, low.quality meat from European countries for the production of the same processed products, which creates surplus pork on the Serbian market, and domestic meat is used only for sale in unprocessed, fresh condition.
He added that he bought piglets for fattening from domestic producers from which he buys for years just to help them survive because they also sold him at a discount when the price was over 300 dinars per kilogram, but that he would lose because he could to buy 180 dinars from imports.
He said that the domestic slaughterers are behaving in a monopoly way, because yesterday no slaughterhouse offered a price for fatteners until 11 am, and after an hour everyone announced that they were lowering the purchase price from 180 dinars per kilogram to 175 dinars.
Šuljmanac said that in the first ten months of this year, he sold fatteners at a price lower than the producer’s, at 125.130 dinars per kilogram of live weight, and that he lost about 200,000 euros because he produced about 5,000 head a year.
“In the last two months, the price of fatteners was 180 dinars per kilogram, which provides a minimum salary at current food prices, but it is still a profit, not a loss, and that made us happy, but it started to fall again yesterday,” said Shuljmanac.
Animal genetics and breeding expert Vitomir Vidovic said that Serbia will be able to export pork to Europe only maybe in about two years when the last vaccinated pig is slaughtered due to the plague, but also that there is a 50 million head of pork in Europe. .
According to him, the system of organizing pig breeding in Serbia is bad, because larger farms are mostly family companies that are not interested in exporting pork, and small producers cannot do it individually. “
Vidovic, who also owns a pig farm, added that small producers should unite and establish a slaughterhouse and export pork themselves when they provide a market and sufficient quantities of meat, and the potential market is not Europe but Asia and Africa.
“If, for example, pork producers want to export to Russia, 24 trucks should be sent to Moscow every day,” Vidovic said.
Small producers in the Netherlands, Denmark, Belgium, he said, organized themselves by creating a slaughterhouse in which they are shareholders, and in Serbia the state is “dormant” and the church is not interested in the social standard of the people to influence the government as in these countries and helped producers.
According to Vidović, small producers in Serbia are under pressure from large slaughterhouses which, due to circumstances, are in a position to behave monopolistically and dictate the price, which reduces production and that is why Serbia now has only about 160,000 sows, and had 1.1 million.