Meet the second woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature

Al-Takween Publishing House published the novel “Mother” by the writer Grazia Deleda (September 27, 1871 – August 15, 1936), who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1926. The novel was translated into Arabic by the Syrian writer Nabil Reda Al-Mahaini, the writer whom the Italian President (Sergio Mattarella) said on the anniversary Eighty years old, she is a strong, creative woman, unafraid of prejudice, and the author of a special kind of writing, rooted in her deep knowledge of the traditions and culture of her native Sardinia.

This close connection between literature and the homeland, which Delida was able to achieve, runs through her production under the guidance of a model charged with exceptional strength and superior expressive ability. It also carries within it her lyrical tones and her biography, and represents characters that often reflect the life she dreamed of. She has succeeded in translating the feelings of The existential anxiety that characterized the nineteenth century, and she was able to enter with full merit into the international literary scene, thanks to the originality of her production, despite her origin from a rural area. In her novels you can see the decisive influence of the realistic novelistic doctrine, which marked a fundamental turning point in her writing style. It enabled her to draw – with a skillful hand – characters suffering from deep inner conflicts.

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The Italian President also said about her: “Her works represent the cornerstone in building the history of literature, and the republication of many of her works today testifies to the growing interest in her production. This contributes to spreading our culture inside Italy and abroad, and also works to represent a model whose value is undoubted for new generations.” ».

Deleda was a poet, novelist, and playwright. She was famous for the fertility of her literary production. She became famous in Italy and around the world, so much so that in 1926 she became the second woman in the world to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature, after the Swedish Selma Lagerlöf – 1909, in recognition of her literature, which “was particularly prominent.” Distinguished for his sublime ideals and ability to depict the reality of life and mankind with depth and warmth.”

It was stated in the context of the award presentation speech: “In Delida’s novels, more than we find in others, we find a unique unity between man and nature, so much so that one can say that the humans in her novels are a plant species that grows in the soil of the island of Sardinia, and most of her heroes are simple peasants, with primitive feelings and thoughts.” But they possess something of the grandeur of nature’s construction in Sardinia, and some of them are even comparable in size to the giants of some of the figures of the Old Testament.”

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It is possible to say that Grazia Deleda depicted Sardinia (the unknown island) and highlighted it as a land of myths and legends, as she once said. She was born to write, and she became a child prodigy. She only knew the dialect of her region, and she only studied elementary school like other girls in the Italian countryside at that time. When she was 15 years old, she secretly sent a short story entitled “Blood from Sardinia” to one of the magazines in the capital, Rome, which published it. Her family became angry because she dared to exceed the limits allowed for women, especially young women. But she continued her challenges, and when she died at the age of nearly At sixty, she had published 30 novels, through which she expressed the tragedies of the countryside and her life on the miserable island.

In 1895, she began publishing novels such as “Honorable Souls,” “Justice,” and “After Divorce,” and her novels aroused the admiration of Italian and international celebrities. Dr. wrote: H. Lawrence provided an introduction to the English translation of her novel “The Mother,” and Maxim Gorky advised a young novelist to follow the example of DeLida, whose works were closely linked to her native land, the island of Sardinia.

The novel “The Mother” was published as a book in 1929 in the city of Milan, and the novel was adapted and directed into two films, the first in 1954 under the title “The Forbidden,” and the second under the title “The Mother” in 2014. An Italian reader wrote: “If I were to rephrase the title… The novel is in the style of Delida herself, due to her calling it “A Soul in the Wind.” In the novel, everything revolves around a soul that cannot remain calm and silent. Everything in it represents horror in its various forms. Also, the writer often hears us in the dialogues that each character has with herself, so she makes us In this way we participate in the point of view of the character in question, which soon changes.”

An Italian journalist asked: “What distinguishes this mother?” What distinguishes her is her superior ability to enter into the depths of reality, to portray it in the name of truth. Nothing is hidden from her, as if she lives a continuous life present everywhere. Her life is a continuous prayer, based on absolute interest in the life of her son.”

By Editor

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