Cases of overweight or obesity cause 4 million deaths a year and the success rates of weight loss are unimpressive to say the least. According to the data, only 10% of the women who managed to lose weight did manage to maintain the new weight over time. For every pound we lose we pay endlessly for disappointments, sweat and tears, and along the way there are quite a few moments of despair, until next time.
According to the Center for Infectious Disease Control in the United States, 55% of women and 34% of men lose and gain weight in a cyclical process known as the ‘Yo-Yo Diet’. Barbie to ragged images of network stars, can find themselves in an exhausting loop.The more the weight loss path begins at a younger age, the more opportunities there are over the years to go up and down and up again and again.Every time this happens, of course the frustration goes up and the emotional and health damage increases.
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Why do you gain weight over and over again?
The term yo-yo diet was coined by Dr. Kelly Brownell, with the up-and-down oscillations of the yo-yo game serving as an image for him. Many, like a tennis ball that hits the ground and gets momentum to fly back even higher, so even during Chapter B of the diet, we may find ourselves with a few extra pounds, since the last lap.
The feeling of disappointment in the face of an unsuccessful diet can lead to overeating, in addition, weight loss causes loss of muscle mass and fat tissue during the initial stage of weight loss, especially in fast diets that do not involve a real change in diet, so weight gain can be very rapid due to The body regains lost fat (at the expense of muscle).
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The health dangers of the yo-yo diet
Beyond the Sisyphean and exhausting experience, every time we gain weight again, small changes occur in the body. Researchers believe that over time, all of these changes can lead to serious health risks:
heart diseases. A study conducted in 2019 in collaboration with the American Heart Association found a link between a history of multiple diets and a lower score in the indices of cholesterol, blood pressure, sugar, and more. Beyond the general link between the things, it was found that each additional ‘round’ of diet was related to a further decrease in the overall score for heart disease. The researchers note that in addition to achieving a healthy weight, maintaining a ‘consistent’ body weight may be important in lowering the risk of heart disease.
diabetes mellitus. A Korean study that examined nearly 5,000 non-diabetic subjects found that after 4 years, those who went on the most diets were at increased risk of developing diabetes. A meta-analysis published last year confirms the work that in people of average weight, repetitive diets increase the risk of developing diabetes.
Low muscle mass. A 2019 study found that people with “severe weight cycles” were six times more likely to have low muscle mass, and five times more likely to develop sarcopenia, a muscle disorder that can cause falls and fractures in old age.
Gallstones. High weight is a risk factor for the development of gallstones, but a published report states that weight loss and recurrence can also increase the risk. “Metabolism, including insulin resistance, may facilitate the formation of gallstones,” the report said.
The psychological price of weight fluctuations
Research A large study conducted in 2020 found that the more times a person tries to lose weight during his life, the more depressive symptoms he will experience over time. Researchers describe the factor responsible for this as the ‘internal weight stigma’, an internal voice that causes a feeling of shame whenever there is weight gain. Moreover, The very fact that we have experienced weight loss in the past can increase the stress towards the next round of the diet – ‘we have done it before so sure we can again’, although the conditions also change like women after childbirth, changes in metabolism and more. Social media further exacerbates the pressure to maintain the process – after we post our photos showing us at a flattering weight, it can be embarrassing and even humiliating to ‘come out’ with a higher weight than our followers are familiar with.
In conclusion, weight loss is a welcome process that will prevent us from many diseases in the long run, but it is essential to plan it thoroughly in advance, while truly changing dietary habits and supervising a gradual and balanced process that will ensure its existence in a promising and effective manner.