Each age and his tests | Photo: shutterstock

We can not control our genetics, we can reduce the risks of developing medical problems in the future. It is important to make sure from an early age to perform the relevant tests and most importantly, to develop the ability to identify the signs that require our attention. These are all the recommended tests for men of all ages:

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The medical tests that men are recommended to do from the age of 20 and up

Surveillance that can be performed at home

Body Mass Index – BMI The accepted global measure for determining overweight or underweight. The calculation measures the relationship between the height and weight of the subject in weighting the parameters of sex and age, and is performed by dividing the weight in kilograms by the square of the height in meters. For example, someone who is 1.70 meters tall and has a body weight of 70 kg – his body mass index will be calculated as follows: 70 / 1.702.

A normal body mass index ranges from 18.5 to 24.9. Most often, someone whose body mass index is lower than 18.5 is underweight. Anyone who measures their body mass above 24.9 is overweight. Result of Above 35, referred to as a second-degree obesity condition, and whoever . BMI His over 39 suffers from morbid obesity.

This is how you calculate your target weight in the diet

Blood pressure (Photo: LeventeGyori, Shutterstock)
Blood Pressure | Photo: LeventeGyori, Shutterstock

Blood Pressure – It is recommended to measure blood pressure once every five years – assuming there are no risk factors for heart disease. From the age of 30 and up it is recommended to check once every three years. If there are risk factors for heart disease – blood pressure should be measured once a year. Blood pressure can be measured using a home device or in a clinic. Care should be taken not to drink caffeinated beverages and not to smoke in the quarter of an hour before the measurement.

Blood pressure values ​​in the range of up to 120/80 are considered normal in people without background illnesses. Blood pressure will still be considered normal until 129/84. Limit values ​​will be up to 139/89. Values ​​of 140/90 and above are considered hypertension. Values ​​between 129/84 and 140/90 are considered a risk condition that may develop into hypertension in the future. How do you recognize high blood pressure?

Skin Health – A skin test is a self-test designed to detect as early as possible the development of skin cancer and other skin diseases. Check for suspicious moles on the skin. A mole is defined as suspicious if it has one or more of the following characteristics: itchy, bleeding on its own, if it grows on its own, uneven, asymmetrical or abnormally large hue. In this case, consult a dermatologist for further examination.

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Cholesterol test (Photo: shutterstock)
Cholesterol test | Photo: shutterstock

periodic checks

Cholesterol – The CDC (US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) recommends that people 20 and older and at low risk for cardiovascular disease get a cholesterol test every 5 years, in addition, once a year for people at risk for heart disease or for people with a high blood lipid history. This is a simple blood test.The recommended values ​​are: for men over 37, and for women over 47.

In most cases, high cholesterol is a quiet condition, which is not manifested in any symptoms. Many people are not aware that they have high cholesterol until they develop various complications, such as a heart attack or stroke. Levels below the norm indicate an increased risk of developing heart disease and the development of atherosclerosis, while values ​​higher than the norm have no negative significance. Cholesterol test: How do you decipher the results?

Eye examination – It is recommended to do an eye exam twice a decade. Is it possible to perform an eye examination at home?

Dental examination – Traditionally, periodic dental checkups are recommended every six months. Research Compare thousands of adults who have made appointments to dentists at different time intervals and found that an interval of up to two years between visits ensures minimum risks in the development of gum disease and tooth decay.

Smiling man (Photo: Avatar of user Zahra Amiri Zahra Amiri @zahraamiri_ Zahra Amiri UNSPLASH)
Perfect teeth at any age | : Avatar of user Zahra Amiri Zahra Amiri @zahraamiri_ Zahra Amiri UNSPLASH

Testicular cancer – Testicular cancer is most common in young men, aged 15-35.

Early detection is done in a process of self-examination by touch. It is recommended to perform the test after a shower or hot bath, as the heat causes the scrotum to relax, making it easier to detect the changes. The main symptoms of testicular cancer are a lump in the testicle, enlargement in the scrotum, or sudden back pain in the back, due to lumps that are near the spine.

AIDS – AIDS is a disease that affects the immune system as a result of contracting the HIV virus. The main ways to get AIDS are through unprotected sex and through contact with body fluids like blood, semen, vaginal fluid and breast milk. The diagnosis is made through a lab test through a blood test called a ‘combo’. 9 important reasons to get HIV tested

The infections and diseases that can be caused by oral sex

Vaccines

the flu – According to the guidelines of the Ministry of Health, it is recommended to get vaccinated against the flu every year, especially for at-risk populations. At young ages ‘risk’ refers to people who are obese, working in closed institutions like nursing homes, hospitals, boarding schools and institutions for people with disabilities. Also, health care workers, caregivers and volunteers who make home visits, are considered a high-risk population at any age.

Are you at risk for flu complications?

Papillomavirus (HPV) – About 80% of the population will be exposed to the papilloma virus during their lifetime. Most often, the virus passes by itself and does not cause disease. The most common cancer caused by the virus is cervical cancer. The virus is most often transmitted through sexual intercourse, and using a condom does not provide complete protection against contracting the virus.

You can get vaccinated against the papilloma virus at the HMOs after receiving a prescription from the attending physician. In countries where immunization rates are high, there has been a 90% decrease in infection with strains from the vaccine gene and the incidence of genital warts.

Tetanus – It is recommended to receive a booster vaccine (reinforcement for the active vaccine) against tetanus from the age of 18 – once every 5 to 10 years.

The medical tests that men are recommended to do over the age of 40

By age 40 the body is no longer as forgiving as it was in the 1920s, and it’s time to understand a little more in depth concepts like cholesterol and high blood pressure. In addition, as you age your metabolism slows down and it becomes easier to gain weight and risk concomitant diseases.

diabetes mellitus – The CDC recommends a screening test for type 2 diabetes in adults aged 35 to 70 who are overweight, and the test should be repeated every 3 years if blood glucose levels are normal. 10 important tips for dealing with diabetes

Diabetes (Photo: shutterstock by Africa Studio)
צילום:
shutterstock by Africa Studio

Blood Pressure – Adults over the age of 40 should be tested annually for high blood pressure.

Colorectal Cancer – The recommendation for patients is to start a scan for colon cancer shortly after they turn 45, and then continue to be tested at regular intervals. If there is an increased risk, such as a family history, it is advisable to get tested earlier.

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Colonoscopy – Colonoscopy is recommended as the only tool for diagnosing precancerous polyps and colon cancer tumors. The American Cancer Society recommends a colonoscopy from the age of 45. Every year, 4,500 people in Israel are diagnosed with the disease, and about a thousand of them will die from the disease. Morbidity in Israel is similar to the morbidity rate in the United States.

The medical tests that men are advised to do Over the age of 50

From the age of 50 and up, it is recommended to visit a doctor at least once a year for a routine checkup, even if there are no specific health concerns.

Shingles – The CDC recommends that adults over the age of 50 take 2 doses of the vaccine two months to 6 months apart to prevent shingles.

Prostate cancer (Photo: Mark_Kostich, shutterstock)
prostate cancer | Photo: Mark_Kostich, shutterstock

prostate cancer – Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, and its incidence increases with age. In the early stages of prostate cancer there are usually no symptoms. These only appear when the tumor grows and puts pressure on the urethra. The recommendations are for a PSA test and a rectal test once a year or two for every man aged 55-50 to 75-70.

1 in 10 men has prostate cancer

Fecal occult blood – A fecal occult blood test is a convenient means of early detection of colon cancer. It is recommended to perform the test from the age of 50 once a year. The test is performed independently by a kit that can be obtained from the doctor or nurse at the HMO.

Old man falls (Photo: shutterstock By LightField Studios)
צילום:
shutterstock By LightField Studios

The medical tests that men are advised to do Over the age of 60

Many men over the age of 60 suffer from some degree of hearing or vision loss. It is therefore advisable to visit an ear or eye doctor for a checkup Periodically.

the flu – Vaccination of the elderly against influenza reduces the mortality rate by half. In a study examining the effectiveness of influenza vaccine in preventing hospitalizations due to pneumonia and long-term influenza in adults, it was found that the influenza vaccine was associated with a significant 27% reduction in hospitalization due to influenza or pneumonia and a 48% reduction in mortality.

Abdominal aortic aneurysm – The test is recommended for men between the ages of 65 and 74 who have smoked or smoked in the past. An aneurysm usually occurs in people with atherosclerosis. The main risk factors are smoking, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, diabetes and stress.

More men suffer from sclerotic heart disease than women. In addition, the average age at which the disease breaks out in men is lower than in women.

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Fall Danger Test – About a third of adults aged 65 to 80 and about half of adults aged 80 and over, fall at least once a year. About half of the fallen adults will fall again within a year. About 50% of people who could walk before they fell and broke their femur do not walk as they did before, even after treatment and rehabilitation.

How to check? A neurological examination may reveal physiological defects, or a functional assessment of physiotherapists that tests gait functions and the ability to maintain balance.

Pneumococcus – Pneumococcus is a common bacterium that can cause serious illness, especially pneumonia, meningitis or a blood infection. It is recommended that a vaccine against pneumococcal be given to people aged 65 and over if they have not been vaccinated in the past or have been over 5 years old since the last vaccine. The pneumococcal vaccine is given by the HMOs.

The medical tests that men are advised to do Over the age of 70

People aged 70 and over have a weak immune system, so it is even more important to get an annual flu shot.

Bone Density – X-ray examination that helps diagnose osteoporosis – a disease in which the bones lose their density and tend to break more easily than healthy bones.

The recommendations are for men to undergo a first bone density screening test at age 70. If the same test does not diagnose osteoporosis, it is recommended to repeat this test once every five years.

By Editor

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