Emergency exit: everything you need to know about diarrhea and what to watch out for

Diarrhea is a medical condition in which the body excretes excess fluid through the anus. It is characterized by abdominal pain, intestinal spasms, an urgent need to empty and watery stools. Diarrhea can be caused by various reasons such as infection by bacteria/virus or other pathogens and can also be caused by intolerance to a certain food component or by a state of stress and anxiety. There are situations of “acute diarrhea” and there are situations that are defined as “chronic diarrhea”.

Watery diarrhea indicates an intestinal infection. But it can also be caused by chronic conditions such as inflammatory bowel diseases or irritable bowel syndrome. For most people, watery diarrhea is only dangerous if it causes severe dehydration. Diarrhea can be caused by many things, including: bacterial or viral infection, (food intolerance or sensitivity, parasites, intestinal diseases, metabolic conditions and even food poisoning.

Each person’s symptoms may differ from person to person, but include abdominal cramps and pain, bloating, nausea, fever and inability to control bowels. Another symptom is dehydration, which is considered a serious side effect of diarrhea and its symptoms include: thirst, decreased urine output, dry skin, mouth and nose, fatigue, dizziness, headaches and accelerated heart rate.

According to the Cleveland Clinic, among young people, infants and the elderly, dehydration can have serious consequences. It is important to drink a lot of fluids with electrolytes (salts), which allows the body to fill the lack caused by the diarrhea. A balance of electrolytes is important because they help balance the amount of water in the body, transport nutrients to the cells, transport waste from the cells, and the function of the nerves, muscles, heart and brain.

Along with over-the-counter medications, there are several natural ways that may help with diarrhea:


Drink plenty of water and other liquids such as fruit juices and diluted soups without pulp. The body loses water every time you have diarrhea, and by drinking plenty of extra fluids, you protect your body from dehydration.

Diet change

Instead of eating oily, fatty or fried foods, follow the BRAT diet which includes bananas, rice, applesauce and toast.

Cut back on caffeine

Foods and drinks containing caffeine can have a mild laxative effect, which can make the condition worse. Caffeinated foods and drinks include coffee, soft drinks, black tea, green tea and even chocolate.

Avoid foods and drinks that cause gas

Instead, consider using foods that can help get rid of diarrhea: potatoes, white rice, pasta, chickpeas, apple juice, white bread, skinless chicken or turkey, lean beef and fish.

It is important to emphasize that natural treatments and over-the-counter medications are not always the solution and in case the diarrhea is caused by bacteria or causes fever and bleeding, you should seek appropriate medical treatment.

traveler’s diarrhea

Traveler’s diarrhea is a disease of the digestive system that causes loose stools and abdominal cramps. It occurs as a result of using contaminated food or water. The most common cause of traveler’s diarrhea is enterocolitis (Escherichia coli) (ETEC) which can also be caused by other types of bacteria, viruses and parasites. Traveler’s diarrhea can also be caused by travel stress or a change in diet.

Traveler’s diarrhea usually goes away on its own within a few days, but if symptoms last longer and include severe dehydration, persistent vomiting, bloody stools, or a fever over 100 degrees Fahrenheit, you should see a doctor. Traveller’s diarrhea can lead to dehydration from loss of fluids, salts and minerals, and this risk is greater in children, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems.

Some believe that cola helps in the treatment of traveler’s diarrhea, but Robert Steven, a professor at the Institute of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention at the Swiss University of Zurich, says that this theory is wrong and even leads to the opposite result and explains that the caffeine in cola causes increased intestinal activity, which worsens the diarrhea.

By Editor

Leave a Reply