A new study published in the prestigious journal JAMA Internal Medicine suggests that among adults with diabetes, cycling is associated with reduced mortality from all causes as well as cardiovascular disease.
Dr. Matthias Reid-Larsen of the Center for Exercise Research in Copenhagen, Denmark, and colleagues examined the correlation between cycling and mortality among 7,459 adults with diabetes. The researchers found 1,673 all-cause deaths during 110,944 years of follow-up. Reported cycling at the beginning of the study.
A total of 975 deaths from all causes were recorded in the riding time change analysis with 57,802 years of follow-up. Compared to those who did not report cycling in the two tests, primary riders who started cycling and those who reported cycling in both tests had a multivariate risk-to-mortality ratio for all causes of 0.65 and 0.65, respectively; Those who rode and then stopped riding had a reduced risk of mortality from all causes and cardiovascular disease that was not statistically significant.
According to Prof. Julio Weinstein, director of the diabetes unit at Wolfson Hospital and a senior diabetic at the DMC at the Diabetes Center: “The study reinforces the existing epidemiological data on the importance of cycling and supports that cycling directly contributes to life expectancy .
Tips related to cycling
• Start at a moderate pace: If you have diabetes and you plan to start riding, start at a moderate pace and never push yourself to continue the activity for longer hours. This is because vigorous exercise can actually raise blood glucose levels instead of lowering them.
• Take a sugary drink or glucogel with you: Sometimes glucose levels may drop to too low values while cycling and you may need a glucose drink to return it to normal. Therefore, always take a sweet drink with glucose with you.
• Choose the right shoe for cycling: Some shoes can increase the risk of damage to that foot, a condition known as “diabetic foot” by increasing pressure in certain areas. Choose shoes that can manage the pressure of the foot to avoid any kind of damage.
• Take a break from cycling: As mentioned, prolonged exercise can adversely affect glucose levels and raise them instead of lowering them. Therefore, it is important to take a break of 10-15 minutes occasionally during the activity.
Hydration (saturation): Hydration is very important during exercise, especially for people with diabetes as they tend to lose water more quickly due to excessive urination or excessive sweating. Also, dehydration can cause an increase in blood sugar. Therefore, it is important to drink a sufficient amount for a feeling of satiety during exercise.
• Keep clean: Sweating while cycling can cause skin irritation or bacterial infections. Therefore, wear clothes that can allow sweat to evaporate instead of absorbing it. Also, pay attention to cuts / cracks in the skin or abrasion while cycling as they can lead to painful wounds.
Finally, cycling is a type of exercise that can effectively help prevent or manage diabetes among people of all age groups. Cycling is associated with improving blood sugar balance and promoting the overall health of people with diabetes. It is recommended to perform a heart test with effort before starting this sports activity, to combine with physical activity proper nutrition, proper drinking and the use of a continuous sugar meter without punctures that will help monitor and understand blood sugar levels.
Professor Julio Weinstein is the director of the diabetes unit at Wolfson Medical Center and a senior diabetic at the DMC Diabetes Center.