Touch the sun: The NASA space agency announced that the Parker Solar research probe was a historic achievement when it became the first spacecraft to enter the sun’s outer atmosphere, and even managed to provide new data on the magnetic fields and particles.
According to NASA, during the eighth flight of the probe near the sun on April 28, it first crossed the critical boundary of Alphavan, the outer boundary of the corona, the upper atmosphere of the sun. Immediately after that, the solar wind of the particles emitted from the sun begins. The scientists were able to identify the location of the critical boundary, at an altitude of more than 13 million km above the surface.
As mentioned, despite the immense heat and radiation, the spacecraft was able to cross the crown several times and collect data on the particles and the magnetic fields. According to a study published in the journal Physical Review Laters, the lander was in an area where the magnetic fields were strong enough to control particle motion, and it also passed inside a “structure” called pseudostreamers where conditions were quieter and the particles moved slowly.
“Just as landing on the moon allowed scientists to understand how it formed, touching the sun is a huge step for humanity to help us discover critical information about the planet closest to us and its effect on the solar system,” said Nicola Fox, director of NASA’s Department of Solar Physics.
The advanced lander, launched in August 2018, is expected to continue research near the sun in the coming years and it will advance further within the crown. In 2025. The spacecraft is expected to reach a distance of seven million km from the photosphere, the layer that forms the visible face of the sun.