Excited, girls did science on the international day dedicated to them by the UN
The wonder of science was opened yesterday to little girls interested in the why of things, who carried out experiments and proposed solutions to challenges in the Library of Mexico on the International Day of Women and Girls in Science, established by the Organization of United Nations (UN).
At noon in that venue, a series of activities from the Adopt a Talent Program (Pauta) took place in which the participants put their imagination into play and exercised their scientific skills.
In the Fleet, Float workshops, the girls designed and made a model so that certain objects would remain on the surface of the water. Based on their imagination, basic information and verification, they made an aluminum foil structure that could support greater weights without sinking.
The second experiment was Spill Cleanup, in which the children proposed ways to reverse oil contamination in a small container of water. The organizers highlighted that it is also about leading them to reflect in order to design different strategies to clean contaminated waters, thus linking this learning experience with reality.
Concentration and activity were constant: the girls observed what they had at hand, the tray with liquid, the sheet of aluminum foil and the washers that each small raft would carry. They shaped various structures and placed them. The experience was exciting, although there was disappointment when they sank due to the weight of the metal pieces. After a few seconds, they began to design a new shape so that the boat would float for longer.
Many questions arose, the participants touched the water, the thin silver sheet, and looked at their Pauta guide and questioned him. Why does it float? one asked. Another turned:
see dogs. None of them were satisfied and they returned to the fray.
In the next activity, the little ones tried to remove the oil with spoons, droppers, pipettes and gauze. They all concluded that gauze was the best option. One complained that it was not possible to achieve complete cleanup. Another remained thoughtful, even when the experiment was over, and paid attention when she was advised to be careful with contamination. She later told her parents that the water needs to be cleaned.
Observe and learn
Fernanda Rodríguez, Pauta workshop leader, told this newspaper that the objective of the civil association is to promote scientific skills in boys, girls and young people from the age of 4 to high school. It is about encouraging participants to observe, learn to predict, generate hypotheses and interpret the data, etc.; in order to gather those skills into a research project that would be presented at a state and then a national science fair.
The organization works in Mexico City, based in the Faculty of Sciences of the National Autonomous University of Mexico and in states such as Jalisco, Yucatán and Chihuahua. He offers workshops at the Library of Mexico every 15 days, where he also works with groups on Thursdays and Saturdays.
Ivette de la Torre, pedagogical coordinator of the association, explained that among the challenges is that in many communities the idea that physics and mathematics are things for men is still rooted and that families are still not open to thinking that Your daughter could be an engineer or a mathematician. She lamented that a person of science is still thought to be a white man, older, and in a laboratory.
We teach girls and boys that scientists are people of flesh and blood, that they eat the same as them, that they studied in their schools, that they were girls like them, that they had questions and that they continued asking them throughout their lives. his lifehe pointed out.
During the day, the game Wisdom Hunters was also played: the mystery of the lost scientist, developed by children from Pauta so that they know that there have been many female scientists who have made many great contributions in different areas, not just Marie Curie.
Light and action
The activities closed with the presentations Thinking about STEM from an intersectional perspective, by the doctor of science in electrical engineering Mónica Vázquez Hernández, and Light, science, action, given by the doctorate in marine sciences and limnology Abigail Santiago-Arellano, which featured how they started in science and if they had a taste for it since they were little.
Vázquez Hernández explained to The Conference that from the age of six girls begin to perceive that
intellectually demanding activities are for children, like mathematics. That’s where we start to lose them. At 15 is when we lose most of them. In any case, girls are coming to engineering..
He added that 50 percent of girls who enter a career in science, technology, engineering and mathematics will graduate with the best grades; However, they will continue to have problems.
They suffer a lot of harassment and reminders of not belonging. When they become researchers, it is more difficult for them to consolidate their academic careers than those who do not have children or men.