In the period 2022 – 2024, Mekong Delta localities will carry out more than 450 researches, many applied in the agricultural field to help increase productivity and product value.

Information stated at the science and technology briefing conference in the Mekong Delta region organized by the Ministry of Science and Technology in coordination with the People’s Committee of Ben Tre province, on the morning of June 14. According to the Department of Technology Application and Technical Progress, Ministry of Science and Technology, in the period 2022-2024, localities in the region will implement 458 scientific research topics and projects. The quests after the end are largely generated
The product has high scientific and technological content and is capable of application and replication. Of which, agricultural science has 157 tasks, accounting for 34.3%.

In Hau Giang province, a number of microbial products have been successfully researched and applied to effectively prevent yellow leaf rot disease on citrus trees and anthracnose disease on fruit trees. This research contributes to improving productivity, quality and sustainable development of fruit tree production with a prevention efficiency of over 70%, increasing economic efficiency by over 10% compared to mass production.

Ben Tre province researches the artificial production of mud crabs with a survival rate of over 40% and a productivity of 2 tons per hectare per crop. The research contributes to diversifying farming species for brackish water areas, making the most of water surface potential and developing mud crab farming from ineffective shrimp ponds, limiting risks. The model helps create jobs and increase income for people in Ben Tre province on arable land.

Drones spray pesticides on fields in Tam Nong district, Dong Thap province. Image:Nghia Lam

Also in Ben Tre, scientists developed a pearl grouper nursery process and a technical process for commercial farming of this fish in earthen ponds. The model brings economic efficiency with a profit margin of 17.4%. The research project organized training for 30 students, coordinating with businesses to develop Ben Tre pearl grouper products. Units and localities have coordinated to successfully develop the frozen pearl grouper OCOP product with a product rating of 3 stars and promote the consumption market.

Mr. Tran Ngoc Tam, Deputy Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee, Chairman of Ben Tre Provincial People’s Committee, said that in 2023 the province has achieved and exceeded 15/24 targets of the Provincial Party Committee Resolution. In particular, basic indicators such as budget revenue, GRDP per capita, trained labor, job creation, urbanization rate, new rural construction… were all achieved and exceeded. Resolution. This result has the contribution of the science and technology sector shown through the contribution of TFP synthesis factors to the economic growth rate (GRDP) exceeding the target and reaching 47%. The ratio of the value of high-tech products and high-tech applications in the province’s total industrial production value reached 37%; is the province with 9 Geographical Indications and is in the top group of the country in terms of Geographical Indications protection.

Mr. Tran Ngoc Tam spoke at the conference. Image: TTTT

In Long An province, we have researched and deployed an electronic traceability system using QR codes for key agricultural products such as vegetables, melons, bananas, and dragon fruits at a number of local cooperatives. Long An has built a white-leg shrimp farming model applying 4.0 technology in Tan Tru district.

An Giang province applies drones to spray plant protection chemicals, sow rice, and spread fertilizer to serve rice production activities of Son Hoa Agricultural Cooperative.

In Tien Giang, many studies have been applied to building durian garden models applying advanced techniques to recover from drought and adapt to saltwater intrusion. Research on applying HDPE tarpaulin-lined ponds to store enough fresh water to irrigate durian trees during the 4 months of the dry season has been effective.

Scientists have built a model for applying liquid mushroom breeding technology and producing edible and medicinal mushrooms in Can Tho city; Building a model of raising black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) combined with species of high economic value (mullet, milkfish) in a sustainable manner in the coastal area of ​​Soc Trang province…

According to the Department of Technology Application and Technical Advancement, the most outstanding contribution of science and technology in this field has contributed to quickly bringing technical advances into the development of key local and regional products. In the context of climate change, epidemics are increasing.

Minister Huynh Thanh Dat spoke at the conference on the morning of June 14. Image: TTTT

Minister of Science and Technology Huynh Thanh Dat, evaluated research activities and application of technical advances in localities in the Mekong Delta that are increasingly linked to production practices, contributing to development. socio-economic of each locality. However, besides the achieved results, he said that the region still has many difficulties and challenges, including responding to drought, saltwater intrusion, and landslides that are increasingly fierce in many localities. Leaders of the Ministry of Science and Technology hope to receive many enthusiastic contributions and discussions from managers, experts, and businesses to unify actions to achieve better results in the coming time.

During the discussion session, many solutions for drought and saltwater intrusion were presented. In which Associate Professor, Dr. Phung Chi Sy (Nguyen Tat Thanh University) proposed super water-absorbent polymer beads as a solution in agriculture and crops. The water absorption ability of this polymer particle is 300 to 400 times greater than its own weight. On average, 1 kg can absorb up to 350 liters of water with the ability to retain 6 – 12 months, even longer. He said that super water-absorbing polymers have the function of retaining moisture, providing enough water for plants, improving soil porosity, and helping plants grow healthy and green. This solution is said to help reduce the rate of tree death due to lack of water by 95%. In addition, Associate Professor Sy mentioned methods to keep water fresh such as using rubber bags and water purifiers from the air.

Representative of Ho Chi Minh City National University proposed technology to convert agricultural byproducts into porous carbon as electrodes for irrigation water desalination equipment in the Mekong Delta. The MCDI desalination device operates on the principle of electrochemical adsorption on a porous carbon base using biomass resources that are abundant in the region’s provinces. This product meets the requirements of desalination due to the use of simple technology, low cost and low energy consumption.

Within the framework of the conference, the Department of Intellectual Property and the Department of Science and Technology of Ben Tre province announced the creation, protection and establishment of Geographical Indication rights for 7 key products including durian, giant giant shrimp, and mango. four quarters, mud crab, rambutan, rice and clams.

By Editor

Leave a Reply