In just ten years, the number of people who have fled their homes has more than doubled, UNHCR spokeswoman Elisabeth Arnsdorf Haslund tells HS.
Over one hundred million people have been forced to flee their homes due to conflict, violence, human rights abuses and persecution. He tells about it in its bulletin published on Monday United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
This is the first time in history that the number of people displaced has risen to over a hundred million.
UNHCR High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi describes the bulletin reading as alarming.
“We should never have broken that record. This must wake us up to resolve and prevent devastating conflicts, end the persecution and address the underlying causes that force innocent people to flee their homes. ”
Selvin the only reason for the recent sharp rise in readings is Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
According to the UNHCR, more than 14 million people have been displaced by the war in Ukraine alone. There are more than six million people who have fled the country and eight million have fled the country.
In addition to Ukraine, the largest number of people displaced are currently from Syria. About seven million have fled outside their home country, in addition to which millions of Syrians have fled their home country.
The number of Syrian refugees in Europe has probably contributed to the situation in Syria being better remembered by people than in countries where most people have fled their homes within or to neighboring countries.
Such countries are, for example, Colombia and Venezuela. In Colombia, millions of indigenous people have been forced to flee internally. In Venezuela, the political and economic crisis has led to millions of people fleeing to neighboring countries such as Colombia.
War and internal unrest have escaped for years in Afghanistan, Yemen, South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo, among others. In Myanmar, more than a million people have fled their country due to the persecution of the Rohingya people.
Vain the number of people who have fled their home in ten years has more than doubled, a UNHCR spokesman said Elisabeth Arnsdorf Haslund says to HS.
Figures collected by UNHCR show that the number of people fleeing their homes remained relatively stable between 30 and 40 million from the early 1990s to the early 2010s. Since then, a sharp rise has begun, with no end in sight.
Arnsdorf Haslund says the big reason for the steady increase in readings is that in recent years major civil wars and conflicts have not been significantly resolved.
“Conflicts and wars are allowed to continue from year to year. In South Sudan, for example, there has been more war than peace during independence. When conflicts cannot be resolved, fewer and fewer people can return to their homes, ”says Arnsdorf Haslund.
The number of refugees returning home was over 15 million in the 1990s and almost ten million in the first decade of the 21st century. In the 2010s, there were less than four million returnees.
“Our goal at UNHCR would be to run out of work. That there would be no more refugees. Now we can say with confidence that we are very far from that goal. ”
Arnsdorf Haslund says that the number of refugees due to climate change, for example, has also increased in recent years.
As a refugee defines a person who has fled his homeland for human rights violations, war, and unrest.
More than a third of the refugees so defined in UNHCR statistics. In addition, the statistics include asylum seekers and those who have been displaced within the country. There are now more than half of the reported 100 million internally displaced persons.
Arnsdorf Haslund points out that those who have fled within their own country are equally in need.
“In the public debate here in the Nordic countries, for example, it is often the case that everyone who has fled their home is coming here. That is not the case: most flee within their own country or to neighboring countries. ”
The total number of more than a hundred million who have fled their homes is considered so high that it is difficult to even comprehend.
“However, we shouldn’t just talk about numbers, because behind every number is the right person who has had to leave their home,” he says.
From Ukraine has become one of the world’s biggest refugee crises in just a couple of months, says Arnsdorf Haslund. He thinks it is great that so many countries have taken in Ukrainian refugees, but that cannot be the final solution.
“This is just first aid, a patch to the wound. We need to end wars and other crises so that people no longer have to flee their homes because of them. ”