Tonight, the United Nations Security Council adopted a resolution on Bosnia and Herzegovina, which extends the mandate of the EUFOR mission.
Resolution 2604, which extended the mandate of the EU mission in BiH for a year, was supported by all 15 members of the Security Council.
Had the new resolution not been adopted, EUFOR’s mandate would have ended on Friday.
The new resolution does not mention the Office of the High Representative (OHR).
During the discussion at the UN Security Council session, US Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield criticized the moves of the Serbian member of the Presidency of BiH, Milorad Dodik, because of the announcement that the Republika Srpska will withdraw its consent to the formation of state institutions in BiH.
“Dangerous rhetoric, hate rhetoric, must stop. Milorad Dodik called for withdrawal from the joint army and withdrawal from state institutions. This is a dangerous path for BiH and the wider region of the Western Balkans. We are worried about his announcement of a new Republika Srpska constitution. calming the situation and de-escalating, “said Thomas-Greenfield.
She expressed satisfaction that EUFOR’s mandate had been extended.
She stated that the Office of the High Representative (OHR) is the basis of BiH’s stability and called on all parties to support the institution, as well as the current High Representative, Christian Schmidt.
Russian Ambassador to the UN Vasily Nebenzja warned that the situation in BiH is deteriorating as a result of a series of actions by external factors, and added that this endangers a long and difficult reconciliation process, according to RTS.
Former High Representative Valentin Inzko accused Nebenzja of making an autocratic decision to introduce additional elements into the criminal law, although not all parties agreed.
Such an approach has fueled passions among nations that have not yet recovered from the effects of the previous conflict, Nebenzja said, adding that such an approach shifts all the blame onto one nation.
Commenting on Christian Schmidt’s report, the Russian ambassador said that the Security Council “has no reason to take into account the reports of individuals.”
“I just want to say that Schmidt’s document is one-sided,” Nebenzja said.
He added that Russia believes that the continued engagement of the OHR is a serious problem that calls into question the entire architecture of the Dayton Agreement.
Chinese Deputy Ambassador to the UN Geng Shuang said that BiH has been facing a number of problems for some time and that those difficulties should be solved by the people who live in that country.
“We believe that the peoples of BiH have the wisdom and ability to solve problems. We encourage all leaders to give priority to the interests of the state and the population, to intensify dialogue and consultations on matters of concern,” said the Chinese diplomat.
BiH Ambassador to the UN Sven Alkalaj said his country was in the biggest crisis since the end of the war in 1995 and accused Republika Srpska authorities of “substantially undermining” the Dayton Accords.
“This not only endangers peace and stability in the country and the region, but can seriously jeopardize the Agreement itself,” Alkalaj said.
He also said that Dodik was wrong when he called his moves a return to the original Dayton, estimating that in that way the hard-won reforms would be annulled.
Serbian Ambassador to the UN Nemanja Stevanovic said that Belgrade expects from the international community an impartial and balanced approach to the situation in BiH, according to RTS.
“We believe that dialogue within the institutions in BiH is the only way to build trust and reach a compromise,” Stevanovic said.
He said that Serbia believes that the decision on the Office of the High Representative should be made in the spirit of cooperation and respect for all world factors and with the consensus of the members of the UN Security Council.
“Serbia will continue to be involved in the most constructive way as we have done in the past,” the Serbian diplomat said.
He added that Serbia would support all agreements reached by the two entities and oppose solutions not reached by consensus.
“The road to the future is paved with good neighborly relations and active cooperation in the region. Serbia will continue to encourage all political factors in BiH to continue the path in that direction,” Stevanovic said.
Croatian Ambassador to the UN Ivan Simonovic said that Zagreb supports the stable and prosperous BiH and that it respects its territorial integrity.
However, he assessed that the existing election framework prevents Croats in BiH from electing their legitimate representatives in the Presidency.
He pointed out that this is the reason why the election laws in BiH must be changed, and added that Zagreb supports the changes in the legal framework in accordance with the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights.