“Parliament is the temple of democracy”. Sergio Mattarella intervenes with a speech to the Cortes of Spain, during his state visit to Madrid, and underlines the centrality of Parliament in continental democracies, and everyone’s thoughts go to the next, difficult, test beds of the Italian Parliament: the approval of the maneuver and the election of the next President of the Republic. The place is full of history and reminds us that nothing is ever conquered forever: in this hemicycle forty years ago Colonel Antonio Tejero attempted a coup d’état and only the intervention of the king saved the very young democracy. And it is precisely in Parliament that “the freedom of a people resides”, says Mattarella from the chair of the Presidency, greeted by a very long applause from the Spanish parliamentarians.
The Head of State remembers how much it is fundamental every national assembly, on the eve of a central appointment for Italian institutions and politics: the election of the new President of the Republic in January. While the parties are studying strategies and tactics, with the temptation to proceed by opposing sides, with the risk of getting bogged down in a game of mirrors between ambushes and snipers, the President, who has just reiterated his unavailability for an encore at the Quirinale, remembers the two main ingredients for a high profile decision: “the comparison between different visions “and the goal of the” common good “.
Because confrontation “is the essence of democracy and the affirmation of the rule of law, because it is registered within the limits and guarantees of the Constitution. A meeting point for all citizens and – at the same time – a starting point for guaranteeing social peace, well-being and development ”.
An emphasis, this, all the more important on the eve of the budget session and the launch of the numerous reforms necessary for the implementation of the NRP. “It is up to the Parliaments to bridge the gap between the trajectory marked by the aspirations contained in the constitutional texts and the real conditions, through political confrontation. It is an arduous and exciting task ”recalled the President.
“The long experience as a member of Parliament – recalls the Head of State – has consolidated my convictions on the irreplaceable centrality of the parliamentary function in the development of a national society and in the ability to transmit a dimension of democratic participation in multilateral organizations in which the international community is destined to organize itself ”.
In fact, even on the bilateral and multilateral level, Parliament is central. “Italy and Spain are countries between which there is a natural, fraternal sharing” and which are “at the center of an area, the Mediterranean, poised between possible marginality in the global development axes and incisive integration between two continents, Africa and Europe “. Italy and Spain must therefore join forces so that their reasons “can receive adequate consideration, thus strengthening and fortifying the entire building of the European Union”.
And broadening our gaze to the issues that are shaking the EU, according to Mattarella “we are going through a period of great transformations, of imperious growth in technology, of renewed tensions at the global level and of crisis at our borders. A period in which it will be decisive to keep constant attention on the safeguarding of rights, freedoms and protections, painstakingly won since the last century “. Therefore, we must not let our guard down on freedoms and rights which “are issues that the national parliaments, together with the Strasbourg Assembly, will have to consider at the center of their agenda”.