The United States tops the world list of victims of the corona virus, with more than 800,000 dead, and official data released by the US administration shows the huge impact the epidemic has had on life expectancy and population growth in the country in the past year.
According to the National Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s Health Statistics, the average life expectancy in the U.S. in 2020 was 77 years, compared to an average of 78.8 years in 2019. Years between 1942 and 1943.
The report also showed that there was a sharp increase of 16.8% in the mortality rate – in 2000 there were 835.4 deaths per 100,000 people, compared to 715.2 deaths per 100,000 in the previous year. The differences were particularly pronounced in ethnic-racial distribution: there was a 42.7% increase in mortality among Hispanic men and 32.4% among Hispanic women, a 28% increase among black men and 24.9% among black women, while among white men the increase was 13.4% And the mortality rate among white women increased by 12.1%.
In all age groups aged 15 and over, mortality rates increased. A 23.8% change occurred among those aged 25 to 34, with 159.5 deaths per 100,000 compared with 128.8 cases. An increase of 24.5% was recorded among those aged 35 to 44 (248 compared with 199.2). Among those aged 65 to 74, the increase was 17.4% (2,072 compared to 1,764.6). Among those aged 85 and over, an increase of 15% was recorded (15,210.9 compared with 13,228.6).
While heart disease and cancer continued to be the two leading causes of death, the corona virus joined the list and came in third, accounting for more than 10% of the 3.4 million deaths recorded in 2020.
As a result of the sharp increase in mortality, statistics showed that the U.S. population grew in the 12 months from July 2020 to July 2021 by only 0.1% – 392,665 additional residents – the lowest growth rate since the U.S. was founded 245 years ago.