According to the Balkan Security Network portal, Serbian military computers are not connected to the Internet precisely for security reasons, in order to be protected from any cyber attack, and a closed network, physically separated from the Internet, is used for electronic communication.
“The Serbian Army has a developed cyber defense system, cooperates with civilian institutions and international partners. Structurally, there is a Department for Information Security and Cyber Defense in the Center for Command and Information Systems and Information Support, J-6 Directorate of the General Staff for Telecommunications and Informatics.” se.
In the field of international cooperation, the Serbian-American military exercise “Cyber Tesla” stands out, which has been held once a year since 2016, and in which, in addition to the military, experts from the private and public sector and academia participate.
The Croatian Armed Forces has a Cyberspace Command within its General Staff, which is responsible for cyber defense. The US government is investing $ 4.2 million in building and equipping the Croatian Army’s Cyber Security Operations Center and the Mobile Incident Response Team.
The Slovenian army, like the Croatian one, has a developed cyber defense. This is the task of the Communication and Information Systems Unit. The largest cooperation in cyber defense exists with the United States, and thanks to American aid of 12.7 million euros, Slovenia has built a “cyber range”, which is the latest technology.
In accordance with the National Military Strategy, the Hungarian Defense Forces perceive an attack from cyberspace as a threat equal to war or a terrorist attack, which is why since 2019 the army has a special Cyber Training Center and the National Coordination Council in charge of cooperation with all structures. relevant factors in the field of Internet security.
The Romanian Armed Forces have a Cyber Defense Command and there is very intensive cooperation between the army, other state institutions and the private sector in the field of defense against cyber attacks. On September 1st, the Bulgarian Army established the Command and Information Support and Cyber Defense Command, which provides protection to citizens and NATO allies.
The Army of Northern Macedonia has a team dealing with cyber defense, and the latest published strategic review of defense in 2018 states that the threat from cyberspace is real, but that military capabilities are not good and should be invested in. So, in addition to, say, armored vehicles, cyber defense infrastructure is also mentioned as a priority in procurement.
The Army of Montenegro, although small in number of people, attaches great importance to cyber defense, which is why there is a Department for Cyber Defense and Response to Computer Incidents. During the last reorganization of the Army of Montenegro, all potential cyber capacities were united in the Communication and Electronic Warfare Company.
The BiH Armed Forces have poorly developed cyber defense capabilities. Within the Joint General Staff of the AF BiH, there is the Directorate for Telecommunications and Information Systems, and in the Tactical Support Brigade there is a liaison battalion stationed in the “Miloš Obilić” barracks in Palam.
Albania’s armed forces are still working to develop cyber defense capabilities. Last year, the country’s Ministry of Defense announced the formation of a cyber defense unit with the help of the United States. Albania is one of the few member countries of the North Atlantic Alliance that does not participate in the work of the NATO Center for Excellence in Cyber Defense in Estonia.