Towards the withdrawal of the US Army: Afghanistan on the way to falling back into the hands of the Taliban. On Tuesday, U.S. President Joe Biden announced that U.S. military forces are expected to complete their withdrawal from the country by August 31 at the latest, with the exception of several hundred fighters who will remain to secure the U.S. embassy compound in the capital, Kabul. As early as yesterday, members of the Taliban delegation to Moscow announced that about 85% of the country’s territory was already under their control.
In recent weeks, the Taliban has been taking advantage of the withdrawal trend of NATO and US forces from Afghanistan, as part of President Biden’s election promise, and is regaining control of the entire country. Reduce the number of casualties in its ranks to the minimum possible.
Alongside a series of conquests in Afghanistan, Taliban fighters announced yesterday that they had taken control of the border crossing with neighboring Turkmenistan. This is the third country that the organization’s fighters have taken control of Afghanistan’s border crossing with recently, after also occupying the border crossings with Iran and Tajikistan. In addition, the organization’s fighters took control of areas near Afghanistan’s border crossings with Pakistan and China.
One of the trends in recent weeks, in the shadow of the Taliban’s intensification and takeover of large areas under the auspices of the withdrawal of Western forces, is the flight of many Afghan soldiers and officers to neighboring countries. Meanwhile, officials in Tehran announced yesterday that they accede to the Taliban’s request to extradite all Afghan military personnel who tried to enter their territory in a request for asylum in Iran. The soldiers and officers who fled for their lives were seated in Kabul on a special flight, and are likely to receive “special treatment” there.
“The withdrawal of NATO and the U.S. military from Afghanistan has been one of President Biden’s major election promises. He initially set September 11 as the deadline for the departure of the last American soldier, but it is clear the move will be completed long before then.” The Afghan people must decide on their future, “Biden said Thursday He also said he was determined not to involve another generation of young Americans in the two-decade-old hard-fought war. From him to carry out another widespread terrorist act in the United States, such as the one he carried out on September 11, 2001.
Senior Taliban officials welcomed President Biden’s remarks, and Suhail Shahin, a spokesman for the organization, replied: “Every day and hour when American forces leave Afghanistan is blessed.” Shahin is also the organization’s representative for the peace talks with the Afghan government, which are taking place in Doha, the capital of Qatar. While the talks are slow, it is not at all certain that understandings and agreements will be reached.
A few weeks ago, President Biden announced that the United States did not intend to abandon the fate of the tens of thousands of Afghan civilians and soldiers who aided American forces in the country. To the foreign forces in the country for the past 20 years. It is not yet clear how the process of transferring them from Afghanistan to the United States, or perhaps to other countries in the West is expected to take place, but the rapid progress of the withdrawal of the Americans from the country necessitates this to be done swiftly.
Peace talks between the parties began as early as September, almost a full year ago. Since the talks began, the number of Taliban terrorist attacks in the country has increased significantly, along with a significant number of murderous suicide bombings. Despite the increase in the number of attacks, the main targets of the terrorists were security and government, not necessarily civilian – out of a desire to gain the public’s trust and to avoid a civil uprising against them. In addition, the Taliban sought to send a message to the central government – that it should reach a quick understanding with the organization, and not delay contacts between them.
Another factor that has recently begun to mediate between the Taliban and the Afghan government is the Iranian government. In recent Wednesdays and Thursdays, a summit was held in Tehran between the parties, mediated and managed by the outgoing Foreign Minister of Iran, Muhammad Javad Zarif. Again, no agreement was reached between the parties, except for a joint statement that it is necessary to bring an end to the country’s civil war as soon as possible. It is clear that Tehran is preparing for the fact of Taliban rule in Afghanistan, and understands that good relations between the two countries are needed. For Iran, the statement of senior members of the organization in recent days is important, because they are preparing to confront the ISIS organization in Afghanistan, and prevent it from strengthening and raising its head.
Many Afghan citizens fear the return of the violent organization to power, which for many years has terrorized many of them. During his rule, before the American occupation, the organization imposed a series of harsh decrees on the population – the purpose of which was to apply a strict Islamic-Sharia law. Thus, among other things, it was determined that women will be required to wear a burqa, a head covering that also covers the face and allows only the eyes to be seen. In recent weeks, there have been several attempts by several thousand civilians in areas of the country to organize militarily against the Taliban takeover, but it is highly doubtful that it could last for long. “If they open up against us again in the war and again try to oppress us and harm our women and property – even our 7-year-old children will take up arms and go out to fight against them,” said one citizen.
The dizzying success of the Taliban organization in revolting and taking over such large areas of the country in such a short time is mainly indicative of the organization’s greatness. Even after two decades of massive American and European military presence in Afghanistan, he continues to maintain his great power, and may soon be able to once again pose a major threat to the country and even the entire region. Beyond the dangers involved, this raises the question of the ability of a Western power, however great it may be, to enter a distant state and bring about change from end to end.