“For ten years now, there has been no dialogue on an agreement and on resolving problems, but a dialogue on failing to reach an agreement. Everything that has been achieved has not been achieved in full. The fate of the dialogue does not depend on Kosovo or Serbia. The EU, “Musliu told Beta.
Musliu estimated that a solution could be reached this or next year, but it will be imposed in that case, because both sides are far from reaching an agreement.
“There is a problem and it is a waste of time. The rulers of the Balkans, especially the Albanian and Serbian ones, do not count the time factor at all and what was supposed to happen 20 years ago is happening,” he added.
The president of the European Movement, Jelica Minić, told Beti that the parliamentary and presidential elections for next year are announced in Serbia and that local elections are expected in Kosovo, which raises the question of how far both sides can go with concessions, given that both sides stand firm. attitudes.
She assessed that, although both sides have firm positions that there is no independence for Kosovo and that there is no formation of the Union of Serbian Municipalities (ZSO), that in the end, that will be the only solution.
Speaking about the possibility of continuing European integration in the current circumstances, Musliu said that the Balkan countries are far from joining the EU, because they have big internal problems.
“Montenegro, Macedonia, and to some extent Serbia, have made significant progress compared to other Balkan countries, such as Romania and Bulgaria, and they are ahead of them today, compared to the time when those countries became members of the EU … I have potential fears. “to have reservations about Kosovo, Bosnia and maybe Albania because of the expansion of political Islam. What European diplomats and journalists have told me about is why all the symbols of anti-fascism have been destroyed in Kosovo,” he said.
Musliu said that in Kosovo and Albania they forget that anti-fascism is a sublime European and world value.
“If you destroy the values of anti-fascism and rehabilitate some people, collaborators of Hitler and Germany, then you create problems for yourself and tie your legs and it is difficult to become a member of the EU with such attitudes,” he said.
Minić reminded that last year, Serbia did not open any chapter in the negotiations, and that specifically in Chapter 35, one of the key issues is dialogue, ie progress in the talks.
“Of course, Kosovo also has its problems and barriers, and for Kosovo, still approving visa liberalization is kept as a lever of pressure. Both Serbia and Kosovo have huge problems with organized crime and corruption, but that is not set very high. For Kosovo to some extent. yes, not as much for Serbia as it deserves “, she stated.
Answering the question whether there is a way to bring the current starting positions of Belgrade and Pristina closer and whether the international community has the capacity to influence it, Minic said that they have opportunities for something like that, but that it also depends on the wider context.
“It seems that the current US administration is much more determined and that the struggle for space control will be much more intense and then the pressure grows. On the other hand, we have extremely creative and innovative solutions in the international community to put pressure on domestic actors.” she said.
Musliu said that such a thing is difficult to predict, especially when negotiations last for nine years and have no results.
“I would most like a solution to be imposed, for neither side to be satisfied and for both sides to have some kind of justification in front of their public that a solution was imposed and that there was no other solution,” he said.
He assessed that an international conference should be held to decide on the further fate of Kosovo and Serbia.
Speaking about the possibility of the JCC being formed with the application of the so-called double two-thirds majority principle, which would allow Pristina to retain some control over the body, Musliu said the JCC would be mandatory in some context, unless something else happens in the meantime.
“In order for Serbia to cover its loss, it is asking for something in return. This was made possible by international representatives who have favored Serbia in recent years, and that speaks of a kind of remorse, compensation for bombing. As in investments or other services and benefits, such as major US and German investments in Serbia, “he said.
He added that Serbs in Kosovo are not integrated, ie they are only at the political level, but not in the civic and social aspect.
“ZSO can create even greater animosity and deepen divisions. The association should not be Republika Srpska, I am deeply convinced of that. I do not know what other models of ZSO will be, but I know that international representatives will not allow it to be outside the constitutional and legal framework. Kosovo, “he said.
Commenting on the increasing appearance of so-called non-paper documents, which suggest that the solution to the Kosovo issue be achieved through the formation of nation states and the division of territories, Musliu said that these documents are palpation, ie perceiving the reactions of both sides.
“One should keep in mind where they first appeared, in what form they appeared. Without deep analysis and without enough knowledge, people speak according to their interest, their desire or the desire of the group to which they belong … These are documents that are mostly an expression of particular or other interests of certain political groups, “he said.
Jelica Minić said that non-paper documents exist in the normal institutional process and that this practice is also present in the European Union.
“We now have one big offer and that then leads the public to think. It also leads politicians to refuse, accept, not declare themselves. There was also a mood for that exchange of territories in the United States during the Trump administration. Approval was gained on various sides. but I don’t think that’s the case now, “she said.