The world will face around 560 disasters every year by 2030

The world will have to deal with about 560 disasters every year, between now and 2030, and most of these events will hit Asia. This was stated in the UN Global Assessment Report 2022, published by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction-UNDRR. According to the intergovernmental organization, the rapid increase in the frequency of disasters can be attributed to climate change and inadequate risk management.

Most of the countries facing a high risk of disasters in Asia are also among those with the highest share of the population living below the national poverty line: Philippines, Bangladesh, Myanmar, India, Indonesia, Pakistan and Vietnam in the Asia-Pacific region.

It is an alarm reinforced by another recent UN dossier that, over the decade 2010-2019, global average annual emissions of greenhouse gases reached the highest levels in human history even though the rate of growth has slowed.

But – warns the report “Climate Change 2022. Mitigation of Climate Change of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change” (the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) – without an immediate and profound reduction in emissions in all sectors, limit warming global at 1.5 ° C will remain an out of reach target. The report shows that Asia is a region heavily affected by climate change while being responsible for high emission rates.

The risk is also confirmed by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies according to which, in 2021 alone, over 57 million people were affected by climate disasters in Asia and, in the worst case scenario – drawn by a report by McKinsey Global Institute as early as 2020 – by 2050 the substantial majority of people living in areas with a likelihood of lethal waves of death will be in Asia. Asia is therefore the region most exposed to climate risk and the growth of “natural” disasters (to which man contributes in a fundamental way) as well as being the most populated on the planet.

The scenarios for China and India

The top two Asian countries for emissions are China and India, which promised to “phase out” coal at the UN COP26 summit last year. In 2019, according to a report by the research and consulting firm Rhodium Group, China’s greenhouse gas emissions would exceed those of the entire developed world for the first time even though Beijing has stepped up efforts to combat climate changepledging to stop the construction of coal plants outside its borders and supporting other countries in the development of renewable energy systems.

As for India, although it has set a zero emissions target for 2070, the Asian giant could see global energy demand grow over the next 20 years without it – warns a report by IQAir, a Swiss quality technology company air – no urban area has met the guidelines on air quality, given by the World Health Organization.

However, many observers agree that, to the difficulties of Asian countries, there is added the reticence of the more developed nations: the funds promised by the rich countries in fact still remain largely on paper while the time available is shrinking every year.

By Editor

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