More than 100,000 refugees have been working in Poland since the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine
Since the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine on February 24, more than 100,000 Ukrainian refugees have been working in Poland, who after the process of acceptance and integration have the right to employment, free medical care, education and social assistance.Lech Spravka, the first man of the Lublin Voivodeship, a province in Poland, presented a way of crossing the border of refugees to a group of journalists from Serbia at the Dorohusk border crossing.

After crossing the border, the Polish authorities provide them with first aid in the reception centers, and then provide them with transport to the place where they want to stay.

Free buses have been organized from the reception centers to Krakow, Warsaw and other cities in Poland, but also to the border with Germany.

“The second stage of the process is to integrate these people into Polish everyday life, to find jobs. The most important area is education, to be accepted into that system, the second is social assistance, the third is medical assistance and to stabilize accommodation, not to move as and to enable them to work in their sector, “said Duke Spravka.

The new Polish law passed by refugees has made it easier and faster for them to integrate.

“The basis of that law is that refugees are not given greater or lesser rights than the citizens of Poland,” Spravka said, adding that about 100,000 Ukrainians have been employed in Poland since the beginning of the war.

The duke said that in addition to the Polish authorities, citizens and non-governmental organizations were also involved, and many Polish families received refugees from Ukraine.

“In case the owner of the accommodation does not take any money from the refugee, he receives a grant from the state of 40 zlotys (about 1,000 dinars) per person per day,” said the duke.

The Lublin Voivodeship has six border crossings, four for passenger and freight vehicles and two for railway traffic.

The procedure for the transfer of Ukrainian refugees has been simplified, they can enter Poland with any identification document, while some have been received without documents, persons from the Polish border police told reporters.

Before the war, Ukrainian citizens needed a passport to enter Poland.

Due to the large influx of refugees fleeing the war in Ukraine, the number of checkpoints at the Dorohusk border crossing has increased, as well as controllers called from other parts of the country, who worked 24 hours a day at the height of the refugee wave.

Several lanes for the exit have also been opened, said Lieutenant Colonel Slavomir Gantas, commander of the Polish border police.

“Most refugees passed on March 7. More than 20,000 people passed the control in 24 hours, of which more than 7,000 were pedestrians,” Gantash said.

The team of the Beta news agency visited the Dorohusk border crossing between Poland and Ukraine, through which 462 thousand people have crossed since the beginning of the Russian invasion, of which 44 thousand on foot.

After the situation in western Ukraine calmed down and the conflict intensified in the eastern part of the country, a large number of refugees returned to Ukraine.

The Polish authorities estimate that there are currently between one and two million refugees in the country.

The number of refugees fleeing to Poland has been declining in recent days, and according to the data of the border police, about 900 of them crossed on May 10.

At the Dorohusk border crossing, however, long columns are forming in strips towards Ukraine, up to 15 kilometers long.

In addition to trucks, there is a large number of passenger vehicles, and in addition to Ukrainians, according to Polish customs officers, foreign citizens also enter Ukraine. They do a lot of shopping in Poland and pass on necessities to Ukrainians.

Russia launched a military invasion of Ukraine on February 24, and according to UNHCR data, more than five million people have fled the country since then, most to Poland, more than three million.

By Editor

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