Today, Sunday, March 20, the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities announced the opening of a part of the Babylon Fortress building in the Religious Complex in Old Cairo, for a visit, after the completion of the first phase of its restoration work, so we shed light on information about Napoleon’s fortress.
On April 16, 641, the Babylon Fortress fell into the hands of Amr ibn al-Aas, to announce since this date the fall of the last Byzantine strongholds, and the beginning of the Arab-Islamic conquest of Egypt, after a siege that lasted about seven months, 18 Rabi’ al-Akhir 20 AH, and his fall marked the entry of Islam in Egypt. The mentioned fortress is considered an old fortress located in the city of Cairo in Egypt, specifically in the Old Cairo area next to the Coptic Museum. It is the city of Fustat, and later the city of Cairo.
The construction of the Babylon fortress dates back to the second half of the sixth century BC; There are also other accounts about the reason for building the Babylon fortress, which date back to the nineteenth century BC; Where the pharaoh Senusret – a descendant of the twelve kings of the Pharaonic family – defeated the Babylonians after a very bloody battle, and then took the prisoners to Egypt with the aim of enslaving them; But the prisoners rebelled and built an impenetrable fortress to defend themselves in the area.
After its restoration, “Tourism” opens the Babylon Fort in Old Cairo
The reason for naming the fort is due to the name of a neighboring capital known as Bab “Babylon”, as it is known as the Palace of Wax, and due to the fact that at the beginning of each month he used to light candles on one of the fort’s towers on which the sun appears, and teaches people the fuel of wax as the sun moves from one tower to another.
Ibn al-Aas chose a desert place that is considered militarily a strategic location north of the Babylonian fortress, and he resided in the city of Fustat on several hills bordered by Jabal al-Muqattam to the east, and behind it the desert in which the Arabs excel in hit and run, war and the Nile in the west and the fords of the Habash pond in the south, which are two natural obstacles. Amr ibn al-Aas built the city of Fustat as a fortress city, with the fortress of Babylon, to be a city for Arab soldiers.
In the construction of Hassan, stones were taken from Pharaonic temples and completed with red bricks, measuring 30 * 20 * 15 cm. Only the tribal door remained, surrounded by two large towers – the hanging church was built over one of the two towers – just as it was built above the tower at the entrance to the museum Al-Qibli St. George Roman Orthodox Church (the Melkites) As for the rest of the fortress and on the rest of the wall in some parts of the eastern, tribal and western sides, the churches – the Hanging – and Abu Serga – and St. George – and the Virgin Qasr al-Rihan – the monastery of St. George for nuns – Walset Barbara – and a synagogue.