“BSF oil contains about 40-50% lauric acid, a fatty acid with antimicrobial properties and anti-inflammatory effects in the colon,” said Hadas Richter. “In addition to lauric acid, the oil contains palmitic acid and oleic acid, which have been reported in studies to have a positive effect on the microbiome composition and reduce intestinal inflammation. Therefore, the oil extracted from black soldier fly larvae has the potential to offer a unique mechanism for preventing or treating inflammatory conditions.”
The researchers found that black soldier fly oil reduced inflammation in macrophages of the immune system, by suppressing and secreting pro-inflammatory cytokines (proteins that form the basis for intercellular communication in immune responses).
In addition, in an experiment in laboratory mice in the acute colitis model (inflammatory bowel disease), the black soldier’s fly oil significantly reduced clinical signs of the disease. “A diet based on 20% BSF oil moderated the shortening of the intestinal length and prevented enlargement of the spleen, compared to diets containing 20% palm oil or 20% soybean oil,” Richter explained. In the analysis of intestinal tissue, it was found that the levels of white blood cells of the lymphocyte B type in the intestinal tissue of mice suffering from colitis who were fed on a BSF diet were significantly lower compared to mice fed on a palm diet or soy diet. Lymphocytes are white cells of the acquired (adaptive) immune system and are mobilized with the development of the chronic phase of the disease in order to neutralize the pathogen and produce immune memory.
Prof. Betty Schwartz concludes: “An anti-inflammatory diet adapted for colitis patients can serve as a line of defense for regression and remission of the disease. Our goal is to investigate the potential of black soldier fly oil as an ingredient in a diet adapted for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Our research results can be used by industry The food for animals in the first stage, but later also for people. “